Comment l’Indochine accédé à l’indépendance ?
La guerre d’Indochine s’est déroulée de 19. … L’armée française est sévèrement battue à la bataille de Diên Biên Phu en mai 1954. Par les accords de Genève de juillet 1954, la France reconnaît l’indépendance des pays indochinois et accepte la division du Viêt Nam en deux pays.
Qui est le plus grand colonisateur ?
En 1914, la Grande Bretagne représente le plus impor- tant pays colonisateur. Le statut de Westminster, en 1931, rend leur souveraineté à tous les dominions (Australie, Canada, Nouvelle-Zélande, Afrique du Sud et Irlande).
What is the Banque de l'Indochine?
- Nevertheless, the Banque de l’Indochine was founded in 1875 and exercised control of French business in Indochina, China and the Pacific. The bank enjoyed the unique privilege of issuing the colonial currency and working hand in hand with the colonial government.
What was the name of the colonial government of Indochina?
- In that same year, Governor General Paul Doumer (1857-1932) founded the Indochinese Union ( l’Union indochinoise) and organised the general government of Indochina. The colonial state, which lasted until , was comprised of five territorial and administrative entities.
How did the colonial regime aggravate the fiscal burden of Indochina?
- The colonial regime aggravated the fiscal burden that the Indochinese had to bear by adding supplementary local taxes in some places when the currency began to circulate. The regime created three monopolies (salt, alcohol and opium) to generate revenue to finance the general colonial budget as well as to pay back its financial loans in France.
What was the population of Indochina in 1914?
- Although no census data was collected until 1921, estimates in 1914 counted more than 17 millions inhabitants in Indochina, 80 percent of whom were ethnic Viêt. The great majority of the Viêt, Khmer and Lao people living in the lowlands were rural; most were peasants and craftsmen, while Chinese immigrants, by contrast, were largely traders.